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This Chart Perfectly Explains The Difference Between Cousins And Cousins Once Removed

The whole “first cousin,” “second cousin,” “first cousin once removed” saga is confusing AF to me. I’m not entirely sure what makes someone my first, second, third, removed, added, cousin at all. In fact, I’m lucky I have such a small family, or I’d definitely be confused and call everyone by the wrong title.

Lucky for us, Alice J. Ramsay created a chart to accurately break down how we can identify our cousins and family members, and what makes someone our first, second, third, or removed cousin.

Apparently, once removed refers to a difference in a generation. So, your mom’s first cousin is also your first cousin, but just once removed.

“This is because your mother’s first cousin is one generation younger than your grandparents and you are two generations younger than your grandparents, ” according to an article on Genealogy.

“This one-generation difference equals ‘once removed.’ Twice removed means that there is a two-generation difference. You are two generations younger than a first cousin of your grandmother, so you and your grandmother’s first cousin are first cousins, twice removed.”

Alice J. Ramsay

Additionally, your second cousin is your mother’s first cousin’s child. So, your first cousin once removed’s children are your second cousins.

Alice J. Ramsay

Don’t ask me about third, fourth, and fifth—I barely passed math class in college so I’m pretty much out on this equation. But, this chart does pretty much clear most of the questions up.